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Arrival of the Allied forces
Vienna was seized on the 13th of April, after Soviet troops crossed the border at Klostermarienberg in Burgenland on the 29th of March. The Western Allies also reached Austria in the following weeks: French troops crossed the Austrian border near in ...
Source: Stadtarchiv Bregenz
Free again!
Poster commemorating Vienna's liberation in April 1945, with an excerpt from the Moscow Declaration, 1943. The Moscow Declaration, issued by three Allied powers: the USA, the USSR and the United Kingdom on the 1st of November 1943, stated in relation...
Source: Dr. Gerhard Jagschitz, Vienna
"Die Vier im Jeep" ("The Four in the Jeep")
Inter-Allied military patrol, undated.
Source: Klomfar, Vienna
Zones of occupation
According to the Allied agreement on the zones of occupation, the Soviet-controlled area covered all of Lower Austria, (according to the 1937 borders), Burgenland and the Mühlviertel, (northern Upper Austria). The United States received the southern...
Source: Portisch, Hugo / Riff, Sepp, Der Lange Weg zur Freiheit, Wien 1985, p. 540.
Occupation of Vienna
The division of the zones of occupation between the Allied powers called for a joint administration of the 1st district. The remaining districts were split up between the four Allied powers as follows: the Soviet Union: 2,4,10,20,21; the United State...
Source: Institute for Contemporary History, University of Vienna, Photo-Archive
Inter-allied indentity card
In order to leave a zone of occupation, one needed an inter-Allied identity card. Constant checking of the movement of people and goods across lines of demarcation was only ceased on the 9th of June, 1953.
Source: Private collection of Gertraud Diendorfer
Occupant or not?
Fraternity: students from Salzburg alongside members of the US Army, circa. 1951
Source: Bauer, Ingrid, Welcome Ami Go Home, Salzburg/M?nchen 1998, p. 168 (Privatfoto Peter Hodny)
Wiener Kurier, 1946
The allied occupying powers founded several newspapers after the end of the war. One such paper was the "Wiener Kurier", established by US power in 1945. It was handed over to the Austrian media entrepreneur Ludwig Polsterer in 1954. The "Wiener Kuri...
© Bruno Kreisky Archives Foundation
The Austrian delegation negotiating the state treaty
From left to right: Bruno Kreisky (Secretary of State in the Federal Chancellor's Office for Foreign Affairs), Leopold Figl (Foreign Minister), Adolf Schärf (Vice-Chancellor), Julius Raab (Federal Chancellor), at the Ministerial Council of the 6th o...
© Votava, Vienna
"Weaner Charme in Moskau" - Caricature of the state treaty negotiations
Caricature by E.H. Köhler of the Austrian delegation involved in the state treaty negotiations in Moscow in the "Simplicissimus", 1955, No. 17, p.3.
© Bildarchiv, ÖNB Wien
Distortion of history - Caricature of the state treaty negotiations
Caricature by E.H. Köhler, 1955.
State treaty as a media event, 1955
To ensure the media coverage of such an important event as the signing of the state treaty in 1955, reporters had to be provided with the appropriate infrastructure. Only through the supply of phones one could get connected to the world. Therefore, m...
© Votava, Vienna
The signing the Austrian State Treaty
At the Belvedere Palace, May 15th 1955. The state treaty guaranteeing an independent and democratic Austria, brought full sovereignty back to Austria.
© Votava, Vienna
News coverage of the signing of the state treaty
The signing of the state treaty on the 15th of May, 1955, brought about significant media interest. Both local and foreign correspondents reported on this key (media-) event in the young Second Republic.When the state treaty, guaranteeing Austrians full sovereignty, was signed in 1955, it caused huge media attention. Journalists from all over the world reported this central (media) event of the youthful 2nd republic.
© Votava, Vienna
Presentation of the state treaty
Foreign Minister Figl shows the cheering Austrians, from the balcony of the Belvedere Palace, the signed state treaty. Yet, the famous words "Österreich ist frei!" ("Austria is free!") are not spoken - as often presumed - from the balcony, but rathe...
© Votava, Vienna
Withdrawal of Soviet soldiers
The deadline for the withdrawal of forces, stipulated in the state treaty of the 15th of May 1955, came on the 25th of October 1955. Therefore, the last soldier did not leave Austria on the 26th of October - the current date of the Austrian national ...
Source: Klomfar, Vienna
Advertisments for the Austrian armed forces
The 40-year anniversary of the Austrian armed forces in 1995, provided the occasion for the armed forces to issue a poster that hoped to use the state treaty association to polish its public image.
Source: Private collection of Franz Melichar, Aldrans
50th anniversary of the Second Republic
On the 26th of April 1995, the Austrian broadcasting corporation launched, in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Austrian independence, the "Fest der Freiheit" ("Freedom festival") at the Viennese Heldenplatz. Around 1.2 million Austrians took ...
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