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International Perceptions of Austrian Neutrality post 1945

Author / Editor:

Rathkolb, Oliver


This article concentrates on central outside perceptions of Austrian neutrality since 1955 in order to analyze the interpretations of major players in the cold war of a allegedly clear cut concept. A deeper view behind the scenes of a much more broader perception of neutrality from the outside might be useful in the ongoing domestic debate about the future of Austrian neutrality after the end of the cold war and after having joined the European Union. Despite the fact that Austrian neutrality of 1955 certainly is a result of the first d?nte signs in the cold war and certainly is a direct product of Allied administration 1945-19551 the ongoing discussions produce the myth if it was just the Austrian government (and sometimes the Soviet Union) which formed neutrality and neutrality policy post 1955; in Rathkolb`s point of view a typical
isolationist and highly reduced view. He thinks that in real politics neutrality policy always is influenced by the neighbouring and great power framework which decides the options and the decision making capabilities.


in: Bischof, G?r / Pelinka, Anton / Wodak, Ruth (Ed.): Neutrality in Austria (Contemporary Austria Studies, Volume 9). Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick/New Jersey 2001, 69-91.


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